Commissioner Carlos Moedas and H.E. Mr Anthony L. Gardner, Head of the Mission of the United States to the EU
European and American researchers will be able to work together more closely on projects funded under Horizon 2020, the European Union’s research and innovation programme. This is thanks to an agreement concluded on the 17 of October between the European Commission and the US Government.
The agreement facilitates cooperation between US organisations and Horizon 2020 participants in cases where the US organisations are funded by the US and do not receive any funding from the Horizon 2020 programme. It simplifies cooperation between a selected Horizon 2020 project and a US entity by enabling researchers to organise their cooperation outside the formal Horizon 2020 Grant Agreement signed for each project, in accordance with applicable laws, rules, policies, and regulations of their respective funding programmes.
USA as a partner of the European Union
The United States of America (US) are a long standing partner of the European Union (EU).
Today the negotiations on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) which started in 2013 are the key initiative for economic dialogue and are expected to lead to an EU-US trade agreement.
Historically the relations between the US and the EU were formalised in 1990 with the adoption of the “Transatlantic Declaration” . In 2007 following the US-EU Summit, a Declaration on Enhancing Transatlantic Economic Integration and Growth laid the foundation for a “growth driven agenda of dialogue”. And until 2013 the Transatlantic Economic Council was the primary forum for economic dialogue between the EU and the US.
For research and innovation, the cooperation between the EU and the US is governed by the “Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation“. It was originally signed in 1998, renewed four times for 5 years each time and is now valid until October 2018. In June 2013, the Commission published an independent review of the current agreement.
Moreover a bilateral cooperation Agreement on fusion energy research was signed in 2001 between the US and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Both the US and Euratom are members of the ITER project.
For fission energy research, the US and Euratom signed two “Technical Exchange and Cooperation Arrangements”, one on Nuclear related Technology research and one on Nuclear safety research. Both Euratom and the US are members of the “Generation IV International Forum“.
Recently, following the EU-US Summit in March 2014, EU and US leaders underlined the commitment “to expand cooperation in research, innovation and new emerging technologies, and protection of intellectual property rights as strong drivers for increased trade and future economic growth”. Moreover, they also referred to:
- space cooperation
- the Transatlantic Ocean Research Alliance
- the GPS/Galileo agreement
- the Transatlantic Economic Council which “will continue its work to improve cooperation in emerging sectors, specifically e-mobility, e-health and new activities under the Innovation Action Partnership”
- Climate change: where the EU and the US “demonstrate leadership and are intensifying their cooperation in promoting sustainable energy, energy efficiency and renewable energy”
- Energy: including “joint research priorities” under the EU-US Energy Council, where the partners “remain committed to close cooperation on energy research and innovation in areas including energy efficiency, smart and resilient energy grids and storage, advanced materials including critical materials for safe and sustainable energy supply, nuclear energy and interoperability of standards for electric vehicle and smart grid technologies”, as well as “knowledge-sharing on carbon capture and storage, and on the sustainable development of unconventional energy resources”
- Digital economy and cyber security: where it was “decided to launch a comprehensive EU-US cyber dialogue to strengthen and further our cooperation including on various cyber-related foreign policy issues”
More information: EU USA Implementing Arrangement.